Ford Transit Connect Diesel 2015 Updates

experience & force: Ford Transit

This week's check car, the 2015 Ford Transit connect, is a good example of that. because it's not the standard form of automobile I … ENGINE: three.7L V6 (275 hp/260 T) 3.5L EcoBoost V6 (310 hp/400 torque) three.2L diesel I5 (185 hp/350 T). TRANSMISSION: 6 …
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ford transit connect diesel

ford transit connect diesel

London (PRWEB) October 24, 2015

This bundle means that you can purchase the electrical light vehicle report, The Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid light automobile report, and The car gasoline-Cell record at a bargain.

the electrical gentle car document

despite the fact that as of late electrical vehicle (EV) expertise is attracting vital consideration and funding, it is in no way a new sector however the resurgence of one who enjoyed considerable recognition right through the latter years of the 19th century and the first decade or two of the 20th. certainly, before the meteoric upward push of the internal combustion engine (ICE) it used to be electrical and steam propulsion that competed for dominance within the motorised transportation sector.

alternatively, the ICE had distinct benefits over the other two technologies, in particular with respect to running vary and convenience: the electrical automobile’s batteries frequently required time-eating recharging and the steam automobile may now not be used before a prolonged heat-up length, and its range was restricted by way of the quantity of water that it will probably raise. The abundance of low cost oil, the arrival of the mass-manufacturing assembly line and the advance of the self-starter then certain the ICE’s boost because the dominant propulsion technology.

This file focuses totally on vehicles that depend solely on electric propulsion, and likewise includes a evaluate of ‘range-extended’ electric vehicles (REEV) that lift an inner combustion engine (ICE) and generator set that’s in a position to recharging the batteries to permit go back and forth beyond the electrical vary on hand from batteries alone. REEVs are predominantly sequence hybrid autos on which the ICE cannot instantly energy the driving wheels and which function vital battery capacity.

The Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid light vehicle file

In a contemporary interview with IHS SupplierBusiness, Ernie DeVincent, VP Product construction for Getrag commented: “i feel it is absolutely inevitable that the penetration of hybrids goes to have to increase. And this may put quite a lot of force on the economic aspect of hybrids, particularly battery prices. because no one will meet 54 miles per gallon in the united states and not using a appreciably larger mix of hybrids than they have got as of late. So hybridisation goes to be a significant factor and this puts plenty of force on economics”.

Hybrid vehicles, even supposing not but achieving very vital market share, are nevertheless a essential and rising part of the longer term powertrain mix. moreover, hybridisation has more than simply gasoline effectivity to make a contribution in efficiency terms. The inclusion of hybrid elements can ship desirable customer options reminiscent of better cabin options and HVAC, stronger launch performance to overcome the weaknesses inherent in downsized engines, high raise turbocharging and optimised transmissions in addition to restricted electrically pushed four-wheel pressure (four wheel drive) options. subsequently, regardless of the important thing side of gas financial system growth, extra value will also be brought to the client through different technologies related to hybridisation.

This document appears to be like at the Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid mild car sector, which seems on the market drivers, present hybrid architectures and technologies, creating industry fashions and challenges.

The automobile gas Cell expertise report

OEMs strongly watch for that from 2015 onwards a quite significant selection of fuel cell vehicles might be commercialized with current projections geared toward a few hundred thousand gadgets on a worldwide foundation. All OEMs involved will implement highway explicit manufacturing and commercial strategies and, as a final result, relying on quite a lot of influencing elements, some commercialisation may just happen even prior than 2015. certainly, commitments by means of OEMs to boost hydrogen gasoline-cell cars have surged over the last two years. BMW, Toyota, Hyundai, Daimler, Nissan and Honda have all announced plans just lately to commercialise the fuel cell drivetrain, in some cases via collaborative agreements as a way to spread early expertise risk and achieve economies of scale

as a way to make certain a successful market introduction of fuel cell vehicles this market introduction must be aligned with the construct-up of the important hydrogen infrastructure. The network must be built up from metropolitan areas by the use of corridors into aerial extensive coverage.

About this file

This new record examines the key drivers in this sector and important points the principle fuel cell varieties in addition to the newest advances in know-how. The file goes on to imagine gas cells in the electrical powertrain and hydrogen fuel and infrastructure, specifically hydrogen production, hydrogen storage & infrastructure, new chemical processes and integration with renewable power.

ultimately, the file appears at the development of the automobile gas cell market with the most recent developments from the foremost automobile manufacturers.

the electric gentle vehicle file


Uncertainty and scenarios

world and native consideration

Grid connectivity, batteries and business models

a brief historical past of electrical automobiles

electric drive as part of a range of powertrain solutions


gasoline economy and CO2 emissions

the us

the european Union



different international locations

fuel prices as a driver for grid-linked automobiles

vitality security

Incentives for grid-linked vehicles

the united states

the ecu Union



South Korea




Recharging infrastructure

automobile manufacturers

Charging services

Recharging expertise companies

wireless charging expertise

Grid capability administration

Charging requirements

cost issues


Recharging time

useful resource provides


uncommon earth components

possible vehicle know-how issues

ENABLING technologies

Batteries and power storage

energy and energy density

Cycle lifestyles

Battery costs

Lithium ion battery development


Lithium cobalt Oxide – LiCo02

Lithium Manganese Oxide Spinel – LiMn204

Lithium Iron Phosphate – LiFeP04

Lithium (NMC) – Nickel Manganese cobalt – LiNiCo Mn02

Future cathode building

Anode Chemistries

New anode technologies

Graphene based totally anode technology

CoS2 hole spheres

Cobalt oxide

Silicon primarily based anode know-how

Tin primarily based anode expertise

Nano-Tin Carbon Graphene Anodes

Electrolytes and additives

Electrolyte materials


Cell packaging

security circuits

Battery packaging

Manufacturing issues and quality

Chemistry building

metal-Air batteries

different battery chemistries

power storage membrane

electrical motors

Direct-current (DC) Motors

Asynchronous alternating-present (AC) motors

Synchronous AC motors

Switched reluctance motors

Axial-Flux Motors

In-wheel motors

electrical corner modules




Fallbrook technologies



Oerlikon Graziano and Vocis




range extenders

gas cell vary extenders

digital components

Electrically-driven ancillaries

power guidance

climate keep watch over

Regenerative braking



electric car supply tools

fast charging

Battery change

Charging station networks

Inductive charging

EVSE suppliers

New gamers, relationships and collaborations

Public infrastructure building

non-public infrastructure building

integrated options

Integrating the charging infrastructure thru IT


New markets

vehicle Market forecasts

Appendix 1 – to be had electric automobiles

electric vehicles and light-weight industrial vehicles

range-prolonged electric autos

Appendix 2 – u.s.a. incentives for grid-linked automobiles

Appendix three – supplier Profiles






Axion power

Blue power Japan



Deutsche Accumotive

Dow Kokam


Exide technologies

LG Chem

Lithium energy Japan

SK Innovation

Sumitomo electrical

Valence Techology




determine 1: neatly-to-wheel GHG emissions for different powertrain choices

determine 2: automobile size and accountability cycle aligned to powertrain

determine three: gentle-accountability EV stock forecast underneath more than a few scenarios

figure 4: 1900 Lohner-Porsche Rennwagen

determine 4: GM’s EV 1

determine 6: IEA forecast for various powertrains

figure 7: smartly-to-wheel CO2 emissions by powertrain together with supply considerations

determine eight: Comparative drivetrain costing per proportion point CO2 discount

figure 9: well-to-wheel powertrain prices relative to traditional

determine 10: The relative beauty of car in Germany 2015

figure 11: The relative attractiveness of vehicle in China 2015

figure 12: completely different powertrains meet totally different wants – 2030

determine thirteen: international enacted and proposed fuel economic system standards

determine 14: Lifecycle emissions and fuel use per mile for mild gas and electrical vehicles

determine 15: Crude oil (Brent Spot monthly) 1987 to 2015

figure 16: comparability of moderate neatly-to-wheel CO2 emissions of ICEs with these of EVs powered with the aid of the common ecu electricity combine

determine 17: fuel chain efficiency charges for ICE and EV autos

figure 18: US petroleum product imports 2015

determine 19: degree 2 charging gadgets from advanced energy

figure 20: SAE J1772 Connectors

determine 21: SAE J1772 blended Plug

determine 22: WPT charging schematic

figure 23: Evatran’s aftermarket on hand charging machine

determine 24: A flooring-set up induction charge plate

figure 25: California summer season peak loading with unmanaged EV charging scenario

determine 26: California summer season peak loading with work and residential EV charging situation

figure 27: California summer time height loading with 50% acceptance of differential pricing for EV charging state of affairs

determine 28: California summer time height loading with differential pricing for EV charging situation

figure 29: unexpectedly converging powertrain costs

figure 30: Powertrain competitiveness in the case of gasoline and battery prices

figure 31: impulsively converging powertrain prices

figure 32: vary expectations exceed conventional riding distances

determine 33: vary of EVs launched lags expectations

figure 34: energy density growth over time

determine 35: European and US consumer expectations of plug-in hybrid range (miles)

figure 36: EV riding range as a perform of ambient temperature

determine 37: 1990 US using patterns (miles)

figure 38: share of day by day journeys (km) by means of united states of america

figure 39: cost time expectations with the aid of u . s .

figure 40: world lithium deposits Lithium Carbonate equivalents)

figure forty one: Lithium demand forecast to 2025

figure forty two: essential uses of chosen uncommon earth oxides

figure 43: Projected REE demand at historic increase rates

figure 44: Inrekor lightweight EV chassis construction

figure forty five: Qualcomm’s Halo wireless EV charging in movement

figure 46: A photograph representation of vehicle vary versus auxiliary load (HVAC) utilization

figure forty seven: A simple comparison of electrical power storage methods

figure forty eight: The power density of different fuels

figure 49: particular energy (W/kg) versus explicit vitality (Wh/kg)

figure 50: Cycles via chemistry (deep discharge)

determine fifty one: utility cycle requirements

figure fifty two: Lithium-ion battery p.c. price breakdown

figure 53: Nominal and usable costs for EV batteries

figure 54: Patent job in lithium-ion batteries

determine 55: Cathode performance compromises

figure 56: Voltage versus capability for some electrode materials

determine fifty seven: Lithium-ion and nanotechnology roadmap

figure 58: Graphite, tender carbon, hard carbon

determine 59: Nexeon nano structured silicon anode subject matter

determine 60: Anode energy density for various anode applied sciences

determine 61: Silicon anode dimensional adjustments

figure 62: SiNANOde™ silicon graphite composite anode subject matter

determine 63: LTO anode material

figure 64: Lithium-ion prismatic battery design

determine 65: Lithium-ion battery construction

determine 66: Zinc-Air battery systems

determine 67: Theoretical maximum power density for different cell chemistries

figure sixty eight: Redox battery expertise

determine sixty nine: technology roadmap for electric traction motors

determine 70: standard torque and energy comparisons

figure 71: A schematic of a 6/four SRM design

figure seventy two: An exploded view of a switched reluctance motor’s rotor and stator

figure seventy three: Axial Flux PM motors

determine 74: Hiriko Fold pre-production adaptation

determine 75: Mitsubishi MIEV

figure seventy six: Protean electric’s in-wheel electrical drive modules

figure seventy seven: Michelin ActiveWheel

determine 78: Continental eCorner

figure seventy nine: Ford Fiesta E-Wheel power building automobile

determine 80: most efficient EV transmission ratios for each efficiency criterion

determine eighty one: Antonov three-pace EV transmission

determine 82: BorgWarner 31-03 eGearDrive single-pace transmission

figure eighty three: IAV DrivePacEV80

determine eighty four: Oelikon Graziano-Vocis two-pace EV transmission

determine eighty five: Wrightspeed GTD

figure 86: Xtrac transmission for the Rolls-Royce 102EX

figure 87: Chevrolet Volt

figure 88: Fisker Karma

figure 89: Lotus vary-extender machine

figure ninety: Honda FCX readability

determine ninety one: Continental regenerative braking unit

figure 92: Mazda regenerative braking using a supercapacitor

figure 93: Continental spindle-actuated electromechanical brake

determine 94: A abstract of charging locations in the united states

determine 95: A abstract of charging areas in the Germany

determine 96: completely different choices for grid connection

figure 97: better situation battery exchange device

determine 98: A Schematic of an inductive charging system

figure ninety nine: GE’s WattStation electrical car charging station

figure 101: The automobile electrification worth chain

figure a hundred: adjustments and opportunities within the automobile price chain

determine 102: a better position switch station

figure 103: A Blink charger facility linked to Cisco’s home power Controller

determine 104: 2015 EV gross sales with the aid of u . s .

determine 105: 2015 EV inventory by means of usa

figure 106: EV stock for selected nations consistent with EVI

figure 107: growth of EV charging amenities in China

figure 108: Grid-connected car production forecast to 2019 via area

figure 109: Grid-linked production forecast to 2019 through sort

figure one hundred ten: EV and REEV manufacturing forecast to 2019 by means of region

determine 111: Plugged-in vehicle market forecast – business-as-expected state of affairs


table 1: 2030 global market shares of grid-linked autos via IHS scenario

table 2: world estimates of demand for rare earth oxides 2015

desk three Lithium-ion battery price breakdown

desk 4: Battery cost evolution from 2015 with a CAGR of 14%

desk 5: 4 main types of cathode expertise in use nowadays (2010)

table 6: comparison of standard carbon anode capacities

desk 7: PHEV-EV lithium-ion cell design favoured by way of quite a lot of corporations (current/ future)

table 8: Hybrid lithium-ion cell design favoured by means of quite a lot of companies (current/ future)

table 9: international market for EV charging stations (heaps)

table 10: attainable roles throughout the charging infrastructure worth chain

desk 11: comparison of rising business fashions

The Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid light vehicle file


•Powertrain selections

•shopper attitudes

•development of the Plug-in Hybrid Market

•price and price concerns

•PHEV Environmental performance

Market drivers

•Emissions regulations

the U.S.

the eu Union



different nations

•fuel costs

•Criterion emissions

the U.S.




other nations

Hybrid architectures

•Parallel hybrid architecture

•sequence hybrid architecture

•degrees of hybridisation

Full Hybrid

delicate or support Hybrids

Plug-hybrids or dual mode

•Aftermarket conversions

Hydraulic hybrid architecture

Flywheel hybrid architecture

Air hybrid

•vehicle integration

Hybrid applied sciences

•higher voltage structure

•Batteries and power storage

energy and power density

Cycle life

Battery prices

cost breakdown for lithium-ion batteries

•Lithium ion battery construction


Future cathode construction

Anode Chemistries

New anode technologies

Electrolytes and additives


Cell packaging

safety circuits

•Battery packaging

•Manufacturing issues and high quality

•Chemistry building

steel-Air batteries

other battery chemistries

•super-capacitors and ultracapacitors

vitality storage membranes

•electric motors

Direct-present (DC) Motors

Asynchronous alternating-current (AC) motors

Synchronous AC motors

Switched reluctance motors

Axial-Flux Motors

In-wheel motors.

•built-in starter-turbines (ISG)

Belt-pushed alternator-starters (BAS)


One-mode and two-mode hybrids



Fiat Powertrain



ZF Friedrichafen

•Regenerative braking techniques and brake mixing

•Grid connection and a recharging infrastructure

car manufacturers

Charging facilities

Recharging know-how firms

wi-fi charging know-how

creating trade fashions and challenges

•New gamers, relationships and collaborations

Public infrastructure building

personal infrastructure development

built-in options

Integrating the charging infrastructure thru IT

Market building

•Market dynamics and forecasts

•development of the plug-in hybrid market

New trade models for OEMs, grid firms and suppliers

•Market forecasts

North america





desk 1: Estimated gas economy growth attainable and fees relative to 2005

table 2: US emissions requirements for mild-responsibility automobiles, to 5 years/50,000 miles (g/mile)

desk 3: Japan emissions limits for gentle gasoline & LPG autos (g/km)

desk 4: Japan emissions limits for gentle diesel automobiles (g/km)

table 5: Euro 5 emissions limits for gentle gasoline vehicles (g/km)

table 6: Euro 5 emissions limits for gentle diesel automobiles (g/km)

desk 7 Lithium-ion battery cost breakdown

desk 8: Battery cost evolution from 2015 with a CAGR of 14%

table 9: 4 major forms of cathode know-how in use these days (2010)

table 10: comparison of conventional carbon anode capacities

table eleven: PHEV-EV lithium-ion cell design favoured through quite a lot of firms (present/ future)

table 12: Hybrid lithium-ion cell design favoured via various corporations (present/ future)

table thirteen: doable roles within the charging infrastructure value chain

table 14: comparability of rising trade models


determine 1: Roadmap for CO2 reduction

determine 2: price estimates of marginal gas economic system growth

determine three: Carbon dioxide emissions versus cost per share gas discount

determine four: global plug-in hybrid manufacturing forecast

figure 5: US Annual reduction in GHG production through PHEV adoption in more than a few scenarios

determine 6: Powertrain electrification 2015 to 2020

determine 7: PHEV annual costs

determine 8: international CO2 (g/km) development normalised to NEDC take a look at cycle

determine 9: gasoline economy requirements to 2015 for chosen nations (US mpg)

figure 10: WTI crude oil prices (US$ per barrel, month-to-month average 2015 greenbacks), 2001 – March 2015

determine 11: US common gasoline costs $ /gallon, January 2015 to June 2015

determine 12 Emissions standards timetable in chosen nations

determine 13: NOx limits within the european, Japan and america, 1995 – 2015 (g/kWh)

figure 14: PM limits in the eu, Japan and the us, 1995 – 2015 (g/kWh)

figure 15: Hybrid electrical automobile drive configurations

determine 16: charge depletion to charge sustaining transition for PHEV battery packs

determine 17: An early conversion for the PHEV Prius utilising 15 further lead-acid batteries

determine 18: Hydraulic hybrid operation

determine 19: Torotrak’s Flybrid flywheel and IVT machine

figure 20: Hybrid worth top rate per a hundred,000 units

figure 21: Peugeot’s air-hybrid architecture

figure 22: A comparability of air-hybrid structure effectivity with different sorts

determine 23: extra features and adjustments in electrical architecture

figure 24: extra functionality requires better voltages – forty eight volts

figure 25: A easy comparison of electrical vitality storage systems

figure 26: The power density of different fuels

determine 27: specific power (W/kg) versus particular energy (Wh/kg)

figure 28: Cycles through chemistry (deep discharge)

determine 29: application cycle necessities

figure 30: Lithium-ion battery p.c. value breakdown

determine 31: Patent process in lithium-ion batteries

figure 32: Battery prices to OEMs at low volumes

determine 33: Cathode performance compromises

determine 34: Voltage versus capability for some electrode supplies

figure 35: Lithium-ion and nanotechnology roadmap

figure 36: Graphite, delicate carbon, laborious carbon

figure 37: Nexeon nano structured silicon anode subject matter

determine 38: Anode vitality density for various anode applied sciences

figure 39: Silicon anode dimensional changes

determine forty: SiNANOde™ silicon graphite composite anode subject matter

figure 41: LTO anode subject matter

figure forty two: Lithium-ion prismatic battery design

figure forty three: Lithium-ion battery building

figure 44: Zinc-Air battery systems

determine 45: Theoretical maximum energy density for different cell chemistries

determine forty six: Redox battery know-how

determine 47: Ultracapacitor used to beat temperature sensitivity to temperature of li-ion battery p.c.

determine forty eight: Ultracapacitor versus lithium-ion power efficiency

figure forty nine: extremely-capacitor elements

determine 50: technology roadmap for electrical traction motors

figure fifty one: conventional torque and energy comparisons

figure fifty two: A schematic of a 6/4 SRM design

figure fifty three: An exploded view of a switched reluctance motor’s rotor and stator

figure 54: Axial Flux PM motors

determine fifty five: Mitsubishi MIEV

determine 56: Protean electric’s in-wheel electrical pressure modules

determine fifty seven: Continental’s ISAD Unit

figure 58: Delphi’s Belt Alternator Starter

determine 59: Toyota THS power-break up transmission

determine 60: 2-Mode transmission

figure 61: Cutaway of a 2-Mode transmission

determine sixty two: Getrag’s 7DCT300 PowerShift® transmission

determine sixty three: Schematic overview of GETRAG 7HDT300 torque-split hybrid

determine 64: integrated electrical motor cooling choices

figure sixty five: the advantages of an integrated 48-volt motor answer

determine sixty six: FEV’s 7H-AMT

determine sixty seven: Fiat Powertrain compact, lightweight hybrid powertrain idea

determine 68: Jatco’s transmission for parallel hybrid automobiles featuring motor independent pressure

figure 69: fuel effectivity comparability for ATs

determine sixty nine: by way of-wire brake machine format with regeneration

figure 70: TRW’s 2nd technology slip control improve brake expertise

determine seventy one: Mazda’s supercapacitor based regenerative braking device layout

determine seventy two: Continental’s regenerative braking system format

figure seventy three: comfortable regeneration requires uncoupling the pedal and quiet and extremely dynamic of braking pressure law

determine seventy four: Bosch’s iBooster unit

determine 75: level 2 charging devices from evolved energy

figure 76: SAE J1772 Connectors

figure seventy seven: SAE J1772 combined Plug

determine 78: WPT charging schematic

determine seventy nine: Evatran’s aftermarket available charging gadget

figure eighty: changes and alternatives in the automotive price chain

figure eighty one: The vehicle electrification value chain

determine eighty two: A Blink charger facility linked to Cisco’s dwelling vitality Controller

determine 83: Grid linked autos deliver modifications and opportunities within the worth chain

figure eighty four: international plug-in hybrid manufacturing forecast to 2020

determine 85: world hybrid production forecast to 2020

figure 86: global hybrid automobile manufacturing forecast to 2020, by area

figure 87: international hybrid vehicle production forecast to 2020, through area

figure 88: Hybrid sales in america by means of model, 1999 – 2015

determine 89: US hybrid manufacturing forecast, 2015 – 2020

determine ninety: European hybrid production forecast, 2015 – 2020

determine 91:Cumulative Toyota sales

figure ninety two: japanese hybrid car production forecast, 2015 – 2020

determine ninety three: chinese language hybrid automobile manufacturing forecast, 2015 – 2020

The automotive fuel Cell expertise report


Key drivers

vitality costs and the surroundings

fuel Cells and the automobile business

gasoline cell know-how

fuel cell sorts

Alkaline gas Cells (AFC)

Direct Methanol gas Cells (DMFC)

Molten Carbonate gasoline Cells (MCFC)

Phosphoric Acid gasoline Cells (PAFC)

solid Oxide fuel Cells (SOFC)

Regenerative gasoline Cells (RFC)

steel Air gasoline Cells (MAFC)

Proton trade Membrane fuel Cells (PEMFC)

expertise development

gasoline cells in the electrical powertrain

FCEV price construction

Hydrogen gasoline and infrastructure

Hydrogen production

Hydrogen from coal

Hydrogen manufacturing via electrolysis

Hydrogen storage and infrastructure

Hydrogen storage

Hydrogen gasoline tanks

Future storage applied sciences

Liquefied hydrogen

steel hydrides

Chemical hydrogen storage

Hydrolysis reactions

Hydrogenation/dehydrogenation reactions

New chemical techniques

Carbon nanotube storage


Integration with renewable power

building of the car gasoline cell market



normal Motors






OEM cooperative agreements

listing of Figures

figure 1: a lightweight hydrogen gas storage tank [Source: BMW]

determine 2: A hydrogen fuelling station in California [Source: Hydrogen Association]

figure three: smartly-to-wheel CO2 emissions by means of powertrain together with supply concerns [Source: Eduardo Velasco Orosco, UAEM & GMM]

determine four: well-to-wheel powertrain prices relative to traditional [Source: Eduardo Velasco Orosco, UAEM & GMM]

figure 5: Technical hurdles overcome within the deployment of FCEVs [Source: EU, McKinsey]

determine 6: Molten carbonate fuel cell schematic [Source: EERE]

determine 7: Phosphoric acid gas cell schematic [Source: EERE]

determine eight: strong oxide gas cell schematic [Source: EERE]

determine 9: Proton exchange membrane gasoline cell schematic [Source: EERE]

figure 10: gasoline cell stack enhancements [Source: GM]

determine eleven: Platinum loadings for PEM gas cells [Source: US DOE]

figure 12: Schematic illustration of the performance of a gasoline cell [Source: PEMAS]

determine thirteen: device schematics for 2008 and 2015 gas cell device [Source: US DOE]

determine 14: device schematics for 2015 and 2015 fuel cell programs [Source: US DOE]

determine 15: internet gadget price versus annual production price [Source: US DOE]

figure 16: Coal gasification course of [Source: US DOE]

figure 17: Sulphur Iodine cycle for H2 production [Source: Hydrogen Energy]

figure 18: typical electrolysis for H2 production [Source: Hydrogen Energy]

determine 19: Commercially available solutions for on-board hydrogen storage [Source: US DOE]

determine 20: BMW’s Cryo-compressed hydrogen storage gadget [Source: BMW]

figure 21: Hydrogen mass and price comparison of compressed (seven hundred bar) and cryo-compressed (350 bar) storage [Source: BMW]

determine 22: a schematic of MOF-74 metal organic framework [Source: NIST]

figure 23: Mercedes-Benz F125 gasoline cell plug-in hybrid [Source: Daimler]

figure 24: Molecular hydrogen storage in light part compounds [Source: US DOE]

figure 25: Schematics of nanotube structures [Source: Nanotechnologies]

figure 26: Schematic of a 3-dimensional nanotube matrix [Source: RSC]

determine 28: European national initiatives for hydrogen infrastructure [Source: NOW]

figure 28: Publically accessible hydrogen refuelling stations – Germany [Source: NOW]

determine 29: deliberate construction of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure in Germany [Source: NOW]

determine 30: Hydrogen refuelling site Oslo using two Hydrogenics electrlysers [Source: Hydrogenics]

determine 31: Honda’s prototype solar hydrogen refuelling station in los angeles [Source: Honda]

determine 27: ITM energy’s HFuel moveable hydrogen refuelling station [Source: ITM Power]

determine 28: OMV hydrogen refuelling site Stuttgart [Source: Daimler]

figure 29: percentage energy era from renewable sources [Source: Geocurrents]

determine 31: London hydrogen fuelling station used by fuel cell buses [Source: Air Products]

determine 32: A schematic for an ‘artificial leaf’ [Source: Science Now]

determine 37: FECV and BEV contributions to CO2 rate reductions [Source: Various]

determine 38: Mercedes-Benz B-class F-Cell [Source: Daimler]

figure 39: Daimler’s F125!gas cell hybrid thought [Source: Daimler]

figure forty: fuel cell Chevrolet Equinox [Source: GM]

figure forty two: Honda’s clarity gas cell car [Source: Honda]

figure 41: Schematic of the Honda readability [Source: Honda]

figure forty three: the primary production edition of Hyundai’s ix35 gasoline cell vehicle [Source: Hyundai-Kia]

determine forty three: Toyota’s FCV-R gasoline cell idea automobile [Source: Toyota]

figure 45: OEM forecast gas cell automobile production [Source: IHS]

determine forty six: Geographic forecast fuel cell automobile manufacturing [Source: IHS]

list of Tables

table 1: A comparability of fuel cell applied sciences [Source: US DOE]

table 2: Technical goals for car functions [Source: US DOE]

table 3: A summary of system prices for 2015 and 2015 applied sciences at various manufacturing charges [Source: US DOE]

desk four: US hydrogen refuelling stations 2015 [source: ]

learn the entire document:

The Hybrid, electrical car and gasoline-Cell file package deal

For more knowledge:

Sarah Smith

research advisor at

e mail: [email protected]

Tel: +forty four 208 816 85 forty eight

website online:

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